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Wine Terms

Terms when Wine Tasting

 

 

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Wine Terms

  • Acetic Wine smells and or tastes of vinegar.
  • Acidic Having an excess of acid.wine tasting terms words
  • Aftertaste Flavours that linger after the wine is swallowed.
  • Aggressive Harsh tastes or impressions due to excesses of tannin, acid or alcohol.
  • Aromatic Used to describe perfumed or very distinctive aromas
  • Astringent Dry puckering effect in the mouth usually caused by an excess of tannin.
  • Balance A wine is in balance if the relationship of acid, tannin, alcohol and fruit is such that none of these is in excess or lacking.
  • Blackcurrant Aroma associated with Cabernet Sauvignon often referred to as cassis.
  • Body Impression in the mouth of weight and consistency mainly due to alcoholic strength and extract.
  • Bottle Age Time spent maturing in the bottle. Bouquet Smells / aromas that develop as a wine matures.wine tasting terms and words
  • Buttery Flavour of butter.
  • Caramel Taste and or smell of caramelised sugar.
  • Cardboard Smell of damp papers or cardboard.
  • Cedar Smell associated with many red wines that have been matured in oak. Similar to the smell of pencil shavings.
  • Chewy Wine with lots of tannin and full bodied.
  • Citrus Aroma or flavours of citrus fruits.
  • Clean No off flavours. Fresh in the mouth.
  • Cloying Usually sickly sweet wines that lack acid to balance the sweetness.
  • Coarse Harshness sometimes found in over tannic young red wine.
  • Complex Displaying a range flavours, often developing constantly in the glass
  • Cooked Aromas and taste that associated with cooked fruit - baked, jammy.
  • Corked Wine fault recognised by a distinctive mouldy rotting smell.
  • Crisp Used to describe white wines that have refreshing acidity.
  • Delicate Light wine with subtle flavours.wine tasting words
  • Earthy Impression of damp earth on the nose and palate
  • Ethyl Acetate Smell of solvents such as some glues or lacquers or pear drop sweets.
  • Eucalyptus A pleasant aroma sometimes found in red wines from Australia.
  • Farmyard Vegetal or animal odours.
  • Finish Flavours lingering after the wine has been swallowed.
  • Flabby Lacking in acid.
  • Flat Lacks acidity and character. Sparkling wine that has lost the bubbles
  • Fleshy Smooth full bodied reds usually.
  • Flinty Mineral aromas and flavours usually associated with dry white wines.
  • Flowery/Floral Fragrant scents like fresh flowers.wine tasting words
  • Fruitcake Aromas and flavours of a rich mixture of dried fruits.
  • Fruity Abundance of fruit flavours.
  • Full Bodied Heavy in texture and flavour as opposed to light wines.
  • Gamey Rich pungent aromas sometimes found in big reds.
  • Geraniums Smell of geranium leaves, usually associated with excess sorbic acid.
  • Gooseberry Often used to describe the aroma of young /sauvignon Blanc.
  • Grapey Smell of grapes – often found with Muscat.
  • Green Young wine that is harsh. Tastes of unripe fruit.
  • Harmony Well balanced.
  • Herbaceous Vegetal, grassy and smell of leaves.
  • Hot Too high in alcohol producing a warm / burning sensation.
  • Inky Opaque purple colour and a metallic flavour.
  • Jammy Usually wines from warm climates and soft dark fruit, cooked flavours dominate.
  • Length Used to describe the lingering flavours (or not) after the wine has been swallowed.
  • Liquorice Sometimes found on the palate of reds. wine tasting terms words
  • Maderised Taking on the character of a Madeira through oxidation.
  • Meaty Substantial chewy wine.
  • Mellow Soft wine with no harshness. Can have a hint of sweetness.
  • Musk Heavy waxy / vegetal aroma of mature Semillon and Sauternes.
  • Nose Bouquet or aroma.
  • Oily Referring to texture or consistency.
  • Oxidised Wine that has had excess contact with air. It will be flat and characterless.
  • Pear Drops Smell similar to nail polish remover or acetate.
  • Peppery Spicy impression
  • Perfumed Fragrant
  • Petillant Slightly sparkling. wine words tasting
  • Prickle Slight sparkle on what should be a still wine
  • Residual Sugar Sugars remaining in a wine that has not been fermented out.
  • Robust Full bodied wine.
  • Round Well balanced wine.
  • Short When flavour does not linger on the palate.
  • Spritz Slight sparkle
  • Tannin derived from the skins of red grapes or oak barrels giving a sense of astringency and dryness in the mouth.
  • Thin Lacking in body.

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